World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)

Research Reveals How Bark Types Affect Wood Decomposition

Press Release

NAIROBI, Kenya, April 17, 2018 /3BL Media/ - A new study from researchers at the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) and the Kunming Institute of Botany (KIB) could help improve predictions of climate change by revealing the hidden role of bark in wood decomposition. For the first time, the scientists linked bark characteristics such as thickness, pH and density – which in life help protect the plant – to "afterlife effects" which help determine how rapidly woody plants decompose.

The Philippines Needs a National Agroforestry Policy to Meet the Sustainable Development Goals

Representatives of Philippine government forestry and agriculture agencies, the private sector, universities, farmers’ organizations and NGOs are calling for a national agroforestry policy to meet climate challenges.

The Philippines is one of the world’s most vulnerable countries to the impacts of climate change, annually experiencing more than 20 typhoons, of increasing strength, that destroy lives and livelihoods. Adding to this, the country’s many islands were some of the first in the Southeast Asian archipelago to experience severe deforestation that began in the 1930s, which has exacerbated erosion, loss of soil productivity and reduction of ecosystem services. Restoration of the 8 million hectares of degraded state land has been estimated to need 206 years at the present rate of progress.

Gender Relations and Gaps in the Cocoa Value Chain in Peru


Working with smallholders in the region of the Valleys of the Rivers Apurimac, Ene and Montaro (VRAEM) in Peru is a challenging task. The region produces approximately 70% of Peru’s illicit coca and is home to the last remnants of the Shining Path, an armed group that has fought a war against the state between the 1980s and early 2000s.

How to Grow a Bamboo Industry

The Indonesian bamboo industry is underdeveloped and missing opportunities. More support is needed.

Despite a significant contribution to the economy, the bamboo industry in Indonesia remains underdeveloped. In terms of policy, bamboo is also often overlooked, with most attention focused on timber.

48 African Countries Meet in Nairobi to Explore Climate Change Technologies

Press Release

NAIROBI, Kenya, April 5, 2018 /3BL Media/ – Climate experts from Africa will meet next week in Kenya to discuss collaboration and technology transfer. Representatives from government, private sector, finance and research institutions will gather in Nairobi, Kenya, 9–10 April 2018.

Silviculture Can Improve Farmers’ Incomes

Two new studies reveal the importance of silviculture for increasing farmers’ incomes in Java and East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia.

Planting timber in agricultural systems is a common practice in Indonesia. Farmers often cultivate timber together with other crops to diversify and increase their income. Timber acts as a savings bank: only harvested when large funds are needed. To ensure the best growth of timber, experts recommend that farmers practise silvicultural techniques, which, despite the numerous benefits, are still not widely adopted.

Empowering Farmers, Sustaining Changes

Farmers on Sumba Island struggle through a nine-month dry season on degraded land. But they are committed to learning how to restore their island to its once verdant and productive state.

Sumba Island in East Nusa Tenggara province, Indonesia is possibly the driest area in the country. Unlike the humid tropical conditions of the main islands, such as Java, Sumatra and Kalimantan, Sumba has a dry season that lasts for nine months. Most of the island consists of upland savannah riven by deep gullies. In East Sumba, the Ministry of Forestry estimates that 80 percent of the land is in critical condition owing to most of its forest being felled before the turn of the millennium.

Improving Food Security in West and East Africa

Finland-funded FoodAfrica program trains 20,000 farmers in sustainable farming practices
Press Release

NAIROBI, Kenya, March 6, 2018 /3BL Media/ – 20,000 farmers in Benin, Cameroon, Ghana, Kenya, Senegal and Uganda have improved the security and quality of their food supply thanks to the FoodAfrica Programme. In addition to those farmers and their communities, it is estimated that the programme has also had an impact on the lives of over 200,000 people.

Regreening Ethiopia!

To combat desertification and re-green arid and semi-arid areas in Ethiopia and seven other countries, a consortium of partners faces big challenges

A ‘perfect storm’ of challenges is facing the Reversing Land Degradation in Africa by Scaling-up Evergreen Agriculture project, or Regreening Africa, in Ethiopia and seven other countries in East and West Africa.

Explaining the Complex: Putting the Best Available Evidence Into the Hands of Decision Makers

Researchers are co-developing ways of ensuring scientific data and information is useable by the people who need it

We all know the basic concept of supply and demand in economics, which makes sense in most settings: the more demand for something, the more supply is needed to meet it. Put the spotlight on scientific research and the relationship between supply and demand becomes a bit skewed. The suppliers (researchers and scientists) are often completely disconnected from the demand side, which can consist of anyone from policy makers to farmers.


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