World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)

New Report: Forests are Key to Combating Looming Water Crisis

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by Andrew Stevenson

The world is facing a growing water crisis: already, 40% of the world’s population are affected by water scarcity, and climate change threatens to increase the frequency of both floods and droughts in vulnerable areas around the world.

Agroforestry Systems for Producing Nutritious Food for Smallholders in Odisha, India

A new project in India promises better diets for farmers
Blog

The World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) South Asia Regional Programme recently launched a three-year project: Enabling Smallholders in Odisha to Produce and Consume More Nutritious Food through Agroforestry Systems. The project is fully funded by the State Government of Odisha and will be jointly implemented by ICRAF, the Department of Agriculture and Farmers’ Empowerment, Government of Odisha, the India Council of Agriculture Research’s Central Agroforestry Research Institute and National Rice Research Institute, and the Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology.

Restoring Degraded Tropical Dryland in Extreme Conditions: The Case of Sumba Island

Sumba in eastern Indonesia has been almost totally deforested, has only patches of thin soil on limestone savannahs and a wet season that has contracted to three months a year.
Blog

Restoring degraded land is a major global challenge made more urgent by a changing climate, warming world, increasing shortage of arable land and an exploding human population. The tropical regions of Earth have been historically among the wettest and most fertile, producing the familiar images of lush landscapes of thickly forested hills and valleys of rice fields. Yet large areas of the tropics are dry, deforested, degraded and unproductive. The island of Sumba in Indonesia’s easternmost province of Nusa Tenggara Timur is one such case.

World Agroforestry Centre: Regreening Africa!

Land degradation, desertification and drought are widespread, affecting millions of livelihoods across Sub-Saharan Africa. A new project is setting out to reverse the trend.
Blog

The United Nations General Assembly declared 17 June the World Day to Combat Desertification to promote public awareness on land degradation, desertification and drought. The theme for 2018 was “Land has true value. Invest in it”. The European Union has taken the slogan seriously and invested in an ambitious five-year project aimed at reversing land degradation and improving food and nutritional security in some of the most vulnerable regions in Africa.

Synergizing Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Cameroon

Cameroon needs to adopt an integrated approach to climate change. However, there are still many challenges to overcome.
Blog

Climate change in Cameroon has had, and will continue to have, adverse effects on agro-ecosystems and communities in multiple ways; with negative consequences dominating. Thus, the question we should ask ourselves is not whether the climate will change, but rather how we should respond.

Sharing the Knowledge From Mỹ Lợi Climate-smart Village in Việt Nam

The adoption of climate-smart agriculture in Việt Nam is underway through knowledge-sharing events.
Blog

Farmers, agricultural extension officers and local leaders from Quảng Bình Province, Việt Nam came to Mỹ Lợi Village to learn about climate-smart agriculture during a one-day roving workshop, 23 April. They will share the knowledge they gained with other extension officers and farmers in the province to encourage wider adoption of climate-smart agriculture. Mỹ Lợi is one of three villages in the country taking part in a project of the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security, managed by the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) in Việt Nam.

What Kenya Needs to Do to Take Advantage of Its Rainfall

Article

by Maibo Malesu, Theme Leader, Water Management, World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)

For the past month Kenya has had torrential rainfall. This followed devastating droughts in parts of the country. The Conversation Africa’s Moina Spooner asked Maimbo Malesu how the country can make better use of the rains.

What is rainwater harvesting and how does it work?

Agroforestry Gives Kenyan Indigenous Community a Lifeline

Summary: 
  • The Cherangani people of Kenya were for generations reliant on the forest for hunting, gathering and agroforestry — a way of life that was curtailed by the colonial government.
  • Today, Cherangani communities living on the edge of the forest have returned to their traditions, intercropping avocado, bean and coffee plants among trees that help reduce water runoff and soil erosion, and improve nutrient cycling.
  • The return to agroforestry has had wide-ranging benefits, from helping the communities improve their livelihoods, to minimizing human-animal conflicts by providing a buffer of fruit trees between the farms and forest.
  • The project has received $5 million in funding, which is expected to provide training to more than 2,000 households on forest conservation and agroforestry techniques.
Article
  • The Cherangani people of Kenya were for generations reliant on the forest for hunting, gathering and agroforestry — a way of life that was curtailed by the colonial government.
  • Today, Cherangani communities living on the edge of the forest have returned to their traditions, intercropping avocado, bean and coffee plants among trees that help reduce water runoff and soil erosion, and improve nutrient cycling.
  • The return to agroforestry has had wide-ranging benefits, from helping the communities improve their livelihoods, to minimizing human-animal conflicts by providing a buffer of fruit trees between the farms and forest.
  • The project has received $5 million in funding, which is expected to provide training to more than 2,000 households on forest conservation and agroforestry techniques.

Agroforestry Concessions Are a Strategic Mechanism for Smallholders in the Amazon. How Do We Make It Work?

Blog

Every year, the Peruvian Amazon loses more than 100,000 hectares of forest due to expansion of the agricultural frontier over state forest land. In the last 15 years, a significant share of frontier dynamics has been closely related to the expansion of cash crops such as coffee and more recently, cocoa and other annual crops, grown mainly by migrant smallholder farmers. However, on state forest land, legal property titles cannot be granted.

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